Motivation Module 10.3
Instructor Motivation Characteristics
Goal-oriented behavior is a key ingredient of motivation and are an integral component of characteristics that represent instructor motivation. These instructor characteristics are listed next
They are purposeful and intentional.
They have a ready answer to questions like “What do you think is the next step for you, professionally speaking?” and “What goals do you have for your role here?”
They tend to be competitive and are willing to work hard for the “win.”
They constantly review theirgoals to remind themselfof what theywant to achieve and what theyneed to do in order to get there.
They demonstrate goal-oriented skills that indicate theycan effectively manage their workload, complete tasks and meet deadlines in the workplace.
They settargets and objectives andmeet deadlines that are appropriate. Goals that are too long-term or offer no method of measuring progress may influence behavior negatively, encouraging people to put off their work until a later date.
Challenge without overwhelming: an activity must be challenging at a level just above one’s current abilities. If a challenge is too hard, students will become anxious and give up; if it’s too easy, they’ll become bored. It’s crucial to find the sweet spot. Students may require a lesson to be scaffolded, breaking it down into manageable pieces, to find the right balance.
Create interest through making assignments relevant to students’ lives: encourage students to discover the relevance for themselves as interest in the subject is a fundamental part of flow
Support their autonomy and encourage choice. When students are given an opportunity to choose their activities and work with autonomy, they will engage more with the task.
Provide structure by setting clear goals and give feedback along the way: students help define their goals and remain aware of how or whether their efforts are moving toward the goal.
Foster positive relationships by valuing their inputs.
Cultivate deep concentration and foster a feeling of complete absorption by limiting distractions and interruptions.
Create an experience through hands-on exercises through making things, solving problems, and creating artwork. Stay away from lectures or videos.
Model enthusiasm for the subject, make them laugh, and speak their language.
Administer the teacher version of the Reisman Diagnostic Motivation Assessment
Motivation Theorist /Theory
RDMA – T Items Related to Motivation Theory
I do something for the pleasure of accomplishing a task with no expectation of outside reward such as evaluation, tenure or money.
I adapt my thinking and needs to incoming information
I adapt to my environment.
I am motivated when my self-confidence and feeling that I can do a specified task are satisfied.
. Herzberg’s Motivating and Hygiene Factors
Challenging classes, recognition and responsibility give me positive satisfaction.
Status, job security, salary, fringe benefits and teaching conditions do not give me positive satisfaction but dissatisfaction results from their absence.
I value money, promotion, time-off and benefits.
I am confident about what I am capable of doing.
My perception as to whether I will actually get what I desire that was promised by my supervisor(s) affects my motivation.
My supervisor (s) ensure that promises of rewards are fulfilled and that I am aware of that.
I act in ways that bring me pleasure and avoid pain.
I have a strong need to set and accomplish challenging goals.
13. I take calculated risks to accomplish my goals.
14. I like to receive regular feedback on my progress and achievements.
15. I often like to work alone.
16. I want to belong to the group.
I want to be liked.
I will often go along with whatever the rest of the faculty want to do.
19. I favor collaboration over competition.
20. I don't like high risk or uncertainty.
21. I want to control and influence others.
22. I like to win arguments.
23. I enjoy competition and winning.
24. I enjoy status and recognition.
25. I need to enjoyably share with another.
26. I need to be free and independent of others.
27. I need to control or influence others.
28. I need to be seen and heard, entertain.
29. I need to avoid injury, take precaution.
30. I need to help, console, nurse the weak.
31. I need for organization and neatness.
32. I need enjoyment and fun.
33. I need to form stimulating relationships.
34. I need to be loved.
35. I need to analyze, speculate, generalize.
36. My motivation influences my behavior.
37. My need for achievement is positively related to my occupational and financial success.
38. I repeat behavior that leads to positive consequences and avoid behavior that has had negative effects.
39. My perceived self-efficacy ( believe I can do something) leads me to set higher goals.
40 . My motivation becomes directed towards the satisfaction of others’ expectations.
There are relationships among the effort put forth, performance and rewards
41. I will be motivated to exert a high level of effort when I believe there are relationships between the effort I put forth, the performance I achieve and the outcomes/rewards I receive.
42. My effort will improve my teaching.
43. My teachingwill lead to rewards.
44. Rewards will satisfy my individual goals.
McGregor/ high supervision versus self-directed employees
45. In relation to a person refusing to learn, I am a person cheering the opportunity to learn.
An optimal managerial style would help cultivate worker creativity, insight, meaning and moral excellence.
46. A supportive supervisor helps cultivate my creativity
Focus is on the well-being of the employee needs
47. I believe a person may satisfy a particular need whether or not a previous need has been satisfied.
Porter and Lawler
Based their work on Victor Vroom’s Expectancy Theory
48. I have a need to perceive that I am a good teacher.
Expands on the work of Maslow -
when lower needs are satisfied, they occupy less of our attention, but the higher needs tend to become more important, the more we pursue
49. I have choices and control over my decisions.
Deci and Ryan/
Self-determination theory (SDT)
50. I am connected to others through positive relationships.
51. I do not believe that the best way to get students to perform tasks is to reinforce their behavior with rewards.
52. I believe that a basic psychological need is autonomy.
Hackman and Oldham
Job Characteristics Theory-characteristics (i.e. skill variety, task identity, task significance, autonomy, and feedback) affect work
53. I prefer a job that involves just one skill.
54. When I receive clear, actionable information about my teaching performance, I have better understanding of what specific actions I need to take (if any) to improve.